Cardiovascular diseases affect millions of people and are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Although we have great advances in prevention and treatment, the aging of the population, the epidemic of obesity and diabetes, the greater survival after the acute phase of the disease, among other causes, are increasing the diagnoses of chronic cardiovascular diseases.
- Patients with suspected heart disease
- Patients with high cardiovascular risk, in whom the treatment is being modified
- Patients with heart disease whose symptoms have worsened or who have developed decompensated heart failure, but do not require admission to an emergency department
- High-risk heart disease patients, who require periodic monitoring
- Patients who wish to prevent or detect any cardiac alteration in time
The tests that a cardiologist can perform to check the health status of each patient's heart are:
- Electrocardiogram: This test is carried out with the objective of knowing the electrical activity of the heart and detecting if there are alterations in the heart rate.
- Echocardiogram: It is another basic test in cardiology that is used to observe the structure of the heart and see if there are changes in its size or shape.
- The stress test or ergometry: This is a well-known test among athletes that consists of studying the response of the heart to the stimulus of physical exercise.
It is essential to be aware of certain markers that can considerably increase the probability of suffering from cardiovascular disease. Some of them can be:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Being overweight or obese
- Arterial hypertension
- Cholesterol or dyslipidemia
- Sedentary lifestyle
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